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Market Outlook – Q2, 2022

- March 31, 2022

A Nickel For Your Thoughts

SUMMARY

“It is a fantasy to think the Fed can tame the fastest U.S. inflation in four decades without aggressively raising interest rates… We have to put downward pressure on the component of inflation that we think is persistent.”

– James Bullard, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis President , April 2022

Just as COVID-19 seemingly receded to the point that we could emerge in a new normal, Russian forces invaded Ukraine on February 24. Equities, which were already negative for the year, initially moved even lower while commodities added to their gains, fueled by concerns over supply chain issues and access to critical raw materials. Fears that inflation, already at uncomfortable levels, could surge even higher kept investors from seeking safety in fixed income securities and drove bond yields up significantly.

In February, the Consumer Price Index was up 7.9% on a year-over-year basis, reaching an almost 40-year high, and this reading did not yet include the effects of the Russian invasion. The March reading, which did incorporate the effects of the invasion, hit 8.5%, its highest since 1981. Before the war in Ukraine, markets were anticipating six interest rate hikes from the Federal Reserve in 2022. By the end of March, markets were anticipating ten hikes, signaling an expectation that inflation would persist.

The Federal Reserve, which was already falling far behind the tightening curve before Russia’s invasion, found itself in an uncomfortable predicament. Minneapolis Federal Reserve President, Neil Kashkari, summed up the environment well in a recent piece:
“We know that the wealth effect is a real phenomenon, and both the stock market and house prices are up 30% relative to pre pandemic levels, even households who don’t own stocks or homes have on average stronger balance sheets than before the pandemic. Perhaps this is leading people to be more confident and simply spend more. Either way, the FOMC must act to bring the economy back into balance.”

Because it can do little to improve the supply-side side constraints on commodity markets and global supply chains, the Fed seems focused instead on reducing demand by engineering an economic slowdown, a move that is justified by more than just inflation metrics. The most recent jobs report showed an unemployment rate of 3.6%, an unambiguously strong number and a dramatic improvement from the depths of the COVID-19 crisis. However, real GDP growth is already expected to slow substantially. The Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow model is estimating Q1 GDP growth to be 1%.

If we could read the minds of Vladimir Putin and Fed Chairman Jerome Powell, it would be significantly easier to allocate capital for the rest of 2022, but we cannot. Inflation remains the critical determinant for both economic growth and asset prices, and its trajectory remains uncertain. Although inflation is expected to gradually and organically decline during the year, the Federal Reserve may be able to slow it even more quickly via a demand shock, but Putin could thwart its efforts by extending the war. Further, with interest rates rising so rapidly, the risks of the Federal Reserve doing too little may outweigh the risks of it doing too much. As profoundly uncertain as the future is, such turmoil can provide opportunities, and we remain focused on analyzing incoming data to find avenues to deploy capital more efficiently and productively.

1Q, 2022 MARKET REVIEW

The first quarter was an unusually challenging in that both U.S. large cap stocks (-4.6%) and U.S. bonds (-5.9%) declined together

SUMMARY

LONG-TERM ASSET CLASS RETURNS

Key markets near all-time highs with inflation running well above “target” exposes the challenge policymakers face

GROWTH, INFLATION & POLICY

“[Controlling inflation] is the top concern that I have for 2022”

–Rafael Bostic, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta President , March 2022

GDP & INFLATION

Growth and inflation both expected to slow but remain above average for next several quarters

INFLATION TRENDS

Inflation surprise has bounced back in March after cooling off; still surprising forecasts on a global scale, a first since 2008

Two inputs that hurt low-end consumers the most: energy prices up substantially, foot prices at concerning levels

REAL EARNINGS

Since early 2021 inflation has outpaced wage growth, eroding real household disposable income

DEBT SERVICE & REVOLVING CREDIT

As transfer payments have waned, the consumer has started to dial up leverage, but plenty of room to go

INFLATION EXPECTATIONS

Post-Russian invasion, inflation and inflation expectations have become unhinged relative to recent history

CONSUMER SENTIMENT VS CONFIDENCE

The Consumer Sentiment minus Confidence spread suggests consumers have never been more pessimistic about their personal situation relative to the economy

2-YEAR TREASURY VS. FED FUNDS

Watch the Treasury market for policy changes: the 2-year Treasury tells you everything you need to know about pending Fed decisions

MORTGAGE RATES

Current pace of mortgage rate increase is unprecedented, but rates are still manageable in absolute terms

MORTGAGE RATES & HOUSING MARKET

With mortgage rates and home prices rising, housing is less affordable

MANUFACTURING & INVENTORIES

ISM Manufacturing PMI has rolled over; retailers have struggled to build inventories to match demand

RATE HIKE EXPECTATIONS

The market is now pricing in 11 rate hikes in 2022, up from the 7 expected post March FOMC meeting

TRANSIT ACTIVITY

TSA throughput is back to pre-COVID levels, while work-from-home may be here to stay

ENERGY PRICES & APPROVAL RATING

Rising energy prices will continue to be a hot topic for consumers and the current administration

MIDTERMS

Looking ahead to November, the race for Senate control will rely on a select few toss-up states

EQUITY

“We do know that the wealth effect is a real phenomenon, and both the stock market and house prices are up roughly 30 percent relative to pre-pandemic levels; even households who don’t own stocks or homes have on average stronger balance sheets than before the pandemic. Perhaps this is leading people to be more confident and simply spend more. Either way, the FOMC must act to bring the economy back into balance.”

– Neel Kashkari, President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, 2022

MARKET RETURNS SUMMARY

US large cap stocks held up best over the quarter but ended 4.6% lower; US small cap stocks and emerging & frontier stocks were both down ~7%

EARNINGS

U.S. large cap multiples contracted in Q1; earnings are expected to make new all-time highs this year

VALUE VS GROWTH

Growth equity prices still not supported by earnings

VALUATIONS

Valuations continue to contract so far this year

IPO MARKET

IPO withdrawals are at highest levels since 2008 despite IPO filings returning to more normal levels after extreme 2021

HIKING CYCLES & RETURNS

Can’t rely on averages when evaluating what the yield curve inversion means for markets; fast vs. slow hiking cycles remains the key

HIKING CYCLES & RETURNS

Fast hiking cycles correlate with poor returns following first rate hike; in order to be classified as a fast hiking cycle the Fed needs to hike more than 8 times

FIXED INCOME & CREDIT

“It is appropriate in my view to be moving a little more quickly. I also think there’s something in the idea of front-end-loading [the removal of stimulus].”

– Jerome Powell, Federal Reserve Chairman, April 21, 2022

MARKET RETURNS SUMMARY

All U.S. fixed income and credit asset classes were down over the quarter, U.S. bank loans holding up best, with international developed bonds selling off most

U.S. BOND RETURNS

2021 was 3rd worst year for U.S. bonds since 1989; 2022 is off to a dramatically worse start

TREASURY YIELDS & CREDIT SPREADS

U.S. Treasury yield curve has flattened with parts of the curve inverting, while credit spreads have remained at or near historically tight levels

SPREADS BY SECTOR

Credit spreads near median across most sectors as almost all pain in credit has been due to duration component (not spread widening)

TREASURY SPREADS

Yield curve inversion, could spell the end of this cycle; risky assets can generate strong returns in the year after the inversion

GLOBAL RATES

The U.S. bond market remains relatively higher yield, which could help keep U.S. rates somewhat contained

TREASURIES VS JGB’S

The yen has weekend to a 20-year low against the dollar as the BOJ continues its infinite QE; US treasuries looking attractive vs JGB’s

TREASURY MARKET

The treasury market has been an enabler of increasing deficit spending and debt levels…is it now “fed up”?

REAL INTEREST RATES

The Fed is falling further behind the curve & unless inflation rolls over, will be forced to hike into an economic slowdown and potential market correction

TREASURY ISSUANCE

Nearly $700bn in treasury issuance in first quarter is expected to slow to less than $70bn in Q2

REAL ASSETS

“The refusal of several Western countries to cooperate [with Russia] normally, including with regards to Russian energy resources…has already hit millions of Europeans, [provoking] a real energy crisis.”

– Vladimir Putin, April 13, 2022

MARKET RETURNS SUMMARY

Commodities and energy outperformed in the first quarter; U.S. REITs have struggled along with risky assets more broadly this year

OIL PRODUCTION/CONSUMPTION

Global petroleum consumption has outpaced production 18 of the last 20 months, but may improve; however, EIA forecasts have been overly optimistic for years

U.S. OIL PRODUCTION

Despite higher oil prices, U.S. oil producers are being held back by investor pressure to maintain capital discipline

REITS

REIT yields may be currently attractive on a relative basis, but in keeping perspective they are at the lowest absolute levels in history

OIL & NATURAL GAS

Oil and natural gas producers have been cautious to bring rigs back online despite rising prices

YIELDS

Midstream distribution yields trending lower but remain relatively attractive, free cash flow yields of energy sector remain attractive

GOLD MINER FUNDAMENTALS

Gold miner performance starting to catch up to fundamentals, the industry has seen broad deleveraging and improved cash flow

OPPORTUNISTIC

“The staff continued to judge that the risks to the baseline projection for real activity were skewed to the downside and that the risks to the inflation projection were skewed to the upside… The Russian invasion of Ukraine was perceived as adding to the uncertainty around the outlook for economic activity and inflation, as the conflict carried the risk of further exacerbating supply chain disruptions and of putting additional upward pressure on inflation by boosting the prices for energy, food, and other key commodities. Finally, the possibility that continued high inflation would cause longer term inflation expectations to become unanchored was seen as another upside risk to the inflation projection.”

– March FOMC Minutes, April 2022

MARKET RETURNS SUMMARY

Closed-end funds had a tough first quarter down 7.0%, while global macro returned 0.9% for the quarter thanks to strong returns in March

MONETARY POLICY & GLOBAL STOCKS

Global quantitative easing efforts supported the recent gains in global stocks

CEF DISCOUNTS

CEF discounts have widened to -7.6%, nearing 1σ below long-term average

ASSET ALLOCATION

“Nobody knows how this is going to turn out. This is an experiment.”

– Howard Marks, Co-chairman, Founder Oaktree Capital Management, 2021

STOCKS & BONDS

2021 was an unusual year for global stocks and bonds, 2022 even more so; again, highlighting the unusual predicament the Fed is in

CMEs (AS OF 3/31/2022)

Expected 10-year returns for fixed income rose substantially as yields jumped higher while equity returns rose modestly

CMEs

Modest improvement in 10-year returns, longer-term expectations hold relatively stable as the mean reversion of higher valuations is distributed over a longer time frame

DISCLAIMER

Magnus Financial Group LLC (“Magnus”) did not produce and bears no responsibility for any part of this report whatsoever, including but not limited to any macroeconomic views, inaccuracies or any errors or omissions. Research and data used in the presentation have come from third-party sources that Magnus has not independently verified presentation and the opinions expressed are not by Magnus or its employees and are current only as of the time made and are subject to change without notice.

This report may include estimates, projections or other forward-looking statements, however, due to numerous factors, actual events may differ substantially from those presented. The graphs and tables making up this report have been based on unaudited, third-party data and performance information provided to us by one or more commercial databases. Except for the historical information contained in this report, certain matters are forward looking statements or projections that are dependent upon risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to factors and considerations such as general market volatility, global economic risk, geopolitical risk, currency risk and other country-specific factors, fiscal and monetary policy, the level of interest rates, security-specific risks, and historical market segment or sector performance relationships as they relate to the business and economic cycle.

Additionally, please be aware that past performance is not a guide to the future performance of any manager or strategy, and that the performance results and historical information provided displayed herein may have been adversely or favorably impacted by events and economic conditions that will not prevail in the future. Therefore, it should not be inferred that these results are indicative of the future performance of any strategy, index, fund, manager or group of managers. Index benchmarks contained in this report are provided so that performance can be compared with the performance of well-known and widely recognized indices. Index results assume the re-investment of all dividends and interest.

The information provided is not intended to be, and should not be construed as, investment, legal or tax advice nor should such information contained herein be construed as a recommendation or advice to purchase or sell any security, investment, or portfolio allocation. An investor should consult with their financial advisor to determine the appropriate investment strategies and investment vehicles. Investment decisions should be made based on the investor’s specific financial needs and objectives, goals, time horizon and risk tolerance. This presentation makes no implied or express recommendations concerning the way any client’s accounts should or would be handled, as appropriate investment decisions depend upon the client’s specific investment objectives.

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TERMS OF USE

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DEFINITIONS

Asset class performance was measured using the following benchmarks: U.S. Large Cap Stocks: S&P 500 TR Index; U.S. Small & Micro Cap: Russell 2000 TR Index; Intl Dev Large Cap Stocks: MSCI EAFE GR Index; Emerging & Frontier Market Stocks: MSCI Emerging Markets GR Index; U.S. Intermediate-Term Muni Bonds: Bloomberg Barclays 1-10 (1-12 Yr) Muni Bond TR Index; U.S. Intermediate-Term Bonds: Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond TR Index; U.S. High Yield Bonds: Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Corporate High Yield TR Index; U.S. Bank Loans: S&P/LSTA U.S. Leveraged Loan Index; Intl Developed Bonds: Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate ex-U.S. Index; Emerging & Frontier Market Bonds: JPMorgan EMBI Global Diversified TR Index; U.S. REITs: MSCI U.S. REIT GR Index, Ex U.S. Real Estate Securities: S&P Global Ex-U.S. Property TR Index; Commodity Futures: Bloomberg Commodity TR Index; Midstream Energy: Alerian MLP TR Index; Gold: LBMA Gold Price, U.S. 60/40: 60% S&P 500 TR Index; 40% Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond TR Index; Global 60/40: 60% MSCI ACWI GR Index; 40% Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate Bond TR Index.